EU Foreign Policy Chief announces basis for Iran nuclear agreement

European Union Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini gives statement on framework agreement and basis for nuclear deal; Obama calls deal a “good deal”; Details of deal provided

Mogherini and Zarif (REUTERS)

Mogherini and Zarif (REUTERS)

In joint press conference, both European Union Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini and Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif gave the basis for a deal on Iran’s nuclear program.

Mogherini stated:

We gather here to find solutions towards reaching a comprehensive resolution that will ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program and the comprehensive lifting of all sanctions.

Today we have taken a decisive step. We have reached solutions on key parameters of a joint comprehensive plan of action. The political determination, the goodwill and hard work of all parties made it possible, and let us thank all delegations for their tireless dedication.

This is a crucial decision, laying the agreed basis for the final text of the joint comprehensive plan of action.

We can now restart drafting the texts and analysis of the joint comprehensive joint plan of action guided by the solutions developed in these days.

As Iran’s pursues a peaceful nuclear program, Iran’s enrichment capacity, enrichment level and stockpile will be limited for specific durations and there will be no other enrichment facility than Natanz.”

President Obama released a statement from the White House:

Today, the United States, together with our allies and partners, has reached an historic understanding with Iran, which if fully implemented, will prevent it from obtaining a nuclear weapon. If this framework leads to a final comprehensive deal, it will make our country, our allies and our world safer… It is a good deal.

He additionally stated that he would call Prime Minister Netanyahu today and that “It’s no secret Netanyahu and I don’t agree on this… This is the best option for Netanyahu… There is no daylight when it comes to our support for Israel’s security.”

Netanyahu immediately stated given the announcement ” Any deal must significantly roll back Iran’s nuclear capabilities & stop its terrorism & aggression.”

The following is a list of the agreement outlines as provided from negotiations:

The agreement will be in effect for 10 to 15 years during which there will be strict limitations and oversight of the Iranian nuclear program. Some parts of the agreement will remain in effect for 20 to 25 years.

Iran will continue to operate 6,104 out of the 19,000 centrifuges within its territory. 5,000 will continue functioning at the Natanz enrichment facility. 5,000 additional centrifuges located at Natanz will be collected and turned over to the IAEA. There will be no other enrichment facilities in Iran except for Natanz.

Most of Iran’s stockpile is enriched to the relatively low levels of between 3.5 and 5 percent. This stockpile, totaling roughly 8 tons, will be diluted to a level that cannot be used for making nuclear weapons, or will be taken out of the country.

This site will be converted from an enrichment facility into a nuclear physics research facility. 1,000 centrifuges will remain operational there, though not for enriching uranium. There will be no fissile nuclear material at the Fordo site.

The international community will assist Iran to refurbish the reactor so that it cannot produce material that could be used for nuclear weapons.

The IAEA will receive access to all of Iran’s nuclear facilities. Iran will sign and ratify the additional protocol of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, which stipulates that IAEA inspectors can conduct unrestricted random searches at any suspicious facility in Iran. The IAEA can use advanced technology to oversee Iranian activity.

Iran can continue its research and development of advanced centrifuges during the ten years the agreement will be in effect in accordance with agreements it will reach with world powers.

After implementation of the agreement by Iran, all sanctions that applied on Iran by the U.S. and the EU on banking, insurance, and oil will be lifted immediately. The UN Security Council will make a decision that will replace six earlier decisions that leveled sanctions on Iran, and will decide which of the sanctions will remain in place.